Orthodontics is a specialty in dentistry aiming at correcting jaw malformations and aligning irregular teeth. This field specifically deals with diagnosis and treatment of jaw malformations, misaligned teeth and malformations of maxillofacial components. Irregular and protruding teeth not only can compromise the appearance and affect the professional life but also can impair oral cavity function and digestive tract health.
Food cannot be chewed properly by irregular teeth threatening the digestive system health. Misaligned teeth may result in tooth decay and gum disease. After orthodontic treatment, patients can eat better, the quality of their lives is improved dramatically, and more beautiful talking and smiling is achieved. Therefore, orthodontics not only improves the appearance of face and teeth, but also plays a key role in the overall health of the body. Health care is easier for people with regular teeth and the possibility of teeth decay, gum disease and jaw damage is reduced. Treatment of dental malformations can correct the smile pattern and make the person more beautiful and healthy.
Irregular maxillary and mandibular teeth and mismatched jaws, i.e. protruded maxilla or mandible, are called malocclusions or dental malformations. Treatment of maxillofacial malformations is divided into two major categories, namely treatment of jaw problems known as maxillofacial orthopedics or jaw orthodontics, and alignment of irregular teeth known as dental orthodontics.
Maxillofacial orthopedics or jaw orthodontics
This treatment aims at correct the jaws. The jaws may differ in most patients. The first treatment step is to correct the jaw, in other words, the jaw must first be corrected and then the teeth should be aligned. In other words, the teeth must be correctly positioned on the jaw. High priority is always given to jaw correction. Jaws can be moved by removable orthodontics or extraoral appliances.
Irregular teeth can be aligned with fixed orthodontics. In dental orthodontics, the jaws do not move, or move very slightly. In fixed orthodontics, only the teeth are moved. By moving the teeth, irregular teeth can be aligned and the crowded teeth, spaced teeth and irregular teeth can be corrected.