Root Canal and Gum Problems Dentistry

Dental Cysts

tooth cyst

One of the most common problems that happen for infected teeth is a tooth abscess which should be treated because in case it is not treated, it can change into a dental cyst. Dental cysts can affect the gums, jaw, and in some cases the face, and can also spread the infection to these parts. Immediately when noticing a dental cyst, patients should consult a qualified dentist in order to remove it. In the following parts, we want to introduce different types of dental cysts, their side effects and how they can be treated.

What causes a dental cyst?

An infection which is completely bacterial and caused by severe decays and dental infection on the gums is called a dental cyst in dentistry.

treatment of dental cysts

People with gingivitis are more likely to get this disease but only 10% of them notice this disease and try to treat their dental cysts. Dental cysts, if left untreated, can affect the jawbone and gums and cause gingival cysts.

What are the complications of dental cysts?

One of the questions that dental cyst patients usually ask themselves is what happens if the cyst is not treated and what side effects it may include. Here are some of the side effects of a dental cyst in case it is not treated:

  • Dental cysts can cause severe pain in the patient’s mouth and teeth due to being infectious.
  • Other common side effects of dental cysts include the lack of a normal function of the teeth and gums.
  • These cysts can put pressure on healthy teeth and the adjacent damaged teeth and then ruin them by the pressure that is caused as the result of infection and bacteria.
  • If a dental cyst is formed on the jaw, it can erode and completely ruin the tooth by displacing the natural tissues of the gums and jaw.
  • Because of being formed on the gums and at the end of the tooth root, dental cysts should be treated immediately. In case of not being cured, they can put pressure on the teeth. Eventually, they result into the teeth getting loosened and fallen out.
  • If dental cysts are not treated quickly after being diagnosed, it can cause numbness in the patient’s face when the patient is under nervous pressure.
  • Expansion of the jawbone is another side effect of a dental cyst which can be completely painless. However, it can frazzle the jawbone in the long run, and eventually will weaken the jaw.

Types of dental and gingival cysts

Here are five key sorts of dental and gingival cysts:

  1. Cysts that are noticed before a wisdom tooth lead to the loss of the tooth bone and the destruction of adjacent teeth. This problem will usually be solved by extracting the wisdom tooth.
  2. Vegetative cysts are other types of dental cysts that are formed before the formation of the main teeth. These cysts are usually noticed in children when a tooth is passing through the jawbone and gingival tissue. These kinds of cysts are eliminated automatically after a tooth grows.
  3. Periapical cysts are the other type of dental and gingival cysts. They are usually noticed around the root of the damaged tooth because of its infection. If the infection is not treated professionally and the patient only needs to take antibiotics, there is the possibility of a cyst’s formation at the end of the tooth root after a while. Thus, infected teeth must either be treated by a root canal or extracted in case the infection spreads and the root is lost.
  4. Pericardial cysts which are not completely eliminated after a tooth extraction are known as residual cysts.
  5. Periodontal cysts are the most dangerous type of dental cysts, since they are usually painless. Periodontal cysts are detected by X-ray, but if they are not cured early, they can lead to the loss of the jawbone. These cysts are usually removed and treated with surgery.

How are dental cysts cured?

If the cyst is small, it can be treated with a root canal, but massive dental cysts are usually treated with surgery. The procedure is that the dentist first removes a small sample of the cyst for sampling. Then, he sends it to the lab in order to determine the type of the dental cyst. Next and during one session, he makes a small incision so that he completely removes the cyst. In some cases, the dentist is not required to do a preoperative sampling.

Questions regarding dental cysts

1-Is a dental cyst treated on its own?

In some cases, the dental cyst disappears without being treated, and in some cases, it is treated by a root canal treatment. However when the dental cyst gets infected, it is no longer a cyst and changes into a dental abscess. In these cases, do not hesitate to see a dentist and treat it. Try to act immediately to drain and empty the infection. Dentists recommend that you take care of any sores or oddities in your mouth and teeth.

2-Do dental cysts cause cancer?

Different types of tumors, either benign or malignant, can appear in the mouth and jaw. Tumors and cysts in the jaw often have no symptoms. Benign tumors and tooth cysts can damage the bone and surrounding tissues. Dental cysts can rarely lead to cancer on their own, but they can be one of the signs of cancer.

3-How is a dental cyst removed?

The dental cyst is removed by making a small incision on it and the remaining space is cleaned and dried. If the dental cyst is very large or causes damage to the mouth, the surgeon may also remove some parts of the tooth, the root of the tooth, or some part of the jaw.

4-How long does a dental cyst usually last?

Dental cysts may grow slowly for months or even years. However, sooner or later they get infected and probably turn into a crisis which threatens the mouth and requires serious and immediate treatment.

5-What is the difference between dental cysts and abscesses?

A dental cyst is actually a sac which is not infectious and has been surrounded by distinct abnormal cells. However dental abscesses are full of pus and infection, usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. The main difference between the symptoms of these two diseases is that: The dental cyst grows slowly and is usually not painful unless it gets bigger, but abscesses appear suddenly and cause a lot of pain.

Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

About Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

Dr. Jamilian, an orthodontist, has a specialized fellowship in orthodontic surgery and maxillofacial abnormalities and is a full-time professor in the orthodontics department of the Dentistry School of the Islamic Azad University. He is member of Iranian and European Board of Orthodontics (EBO) and is a member of the Iranian, American and European Orthodontists Association.

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