orthodontic information

What is Orthodontics

what is orthodontic

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that align any irregularity   of teeth and jaws. Teeth that are in an inappropriate position and have unusual shapes causes a variety of unhealthy situations. In this case it’s very hard to keep the teeth clean. If you don’t care about your crowded teeth you will be at risk for developing dental and periodontal diseases. These conditions create more pressure on the teeth that are responsible for chewing the food, and subsequently has a long range of side effects, including:

  • Tooth decay
  • Gum and periodontal problems
  • Teeth chewing and digestive problems
  • Headache
  • TMJ problems
  • Feeling pain in the neck, shoulder and back
  • Also, crooked and crowded teeth can cause unpleasant appearance.

Advantages of applying orthodontics treatment include:

  • Healthy mouth
  • Pleasing appearance
  • Teeth that are likely to last longer.

A specialist in this field is known as orthodontist.

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How to know if you need orthodontics?

Only an orthodontist can determine the necessity of orthodontics for you. Your orthodontist determine the necessity of orthodontics treatment by the  help of diagnostic tools that includes a complete medical and dental history, a clinical examination, a plaster model of your teeth and  special imaging. An orthodontist can decide if you need orthodontics or not. And this is an orthodontist who can propose a proper treatment plan for teeth problems.

If you have one of the following conditions, you may be an orthodontic candidate.

  • Overbite, when the upper teeth overlap on the lower teeth.
  • Underbite, seemingly known as “bulldog”, in which the lower row teeth are placed far ahead of the upper teeth and the upper row is too far behind.
  • Cross bite is an abnormality during which one or some of the upper teeth locate behind the lower l tooth.
  • Open bite occurs when having space between two jaws in the front, back or lateral sides.
  • Misplaced midline occurs when the midline of the upper teeth with the midline of the lower teeth is not matched in the same direction.
  • Spacing between teeth, which may result from loss of a tooth, or a group of teeth.
  • Dental crowding This problem occurs when there is space deficiency in the arch. This problem is due to extremely large teeth, small jaws, and a combination of both situations.

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How is orthodontic treatment?

There are several types of orthodontic appliances. Removable and fixed orthodontics, both of them help to change the position of the teeth and jaws. Orthodontic  appliances  move the dentition  in desired direction. The degree of deformity of the teeth, age and physiological characteristics of the patient determine which types of orthodontic should be selected for treatment. It is an orthodontist who by examining the patient’s condition determines and implements orthodontic treatment at any stage.

Orthodontics is one of the dental specialties that is used to arrange the teeth and coordinate the jaws. The main task of orthodontics is the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental malocclusions. This can be done by fixed or removable orthodontic appliances. Fixed orthodontics includes the same color braces as tooth (ceramic) (composite), or by the lingual system (placement of braces behind the teeth). Fixed orthodontic treatments can be done by Straight, Edgewise, Damon methods, straight wires such as Roth. MBTH and so on. Nowadays a new method introduced to orthodontics as an invisible method which is named   Invisalign or clear aligner. Meanwhile, new techniques such as mini screw could be used for treating teeth abnormalities and malocclusions.

Two Types of Orthodontic Treatments

A group of orthodontic treatment is for teeth correction. Second group of treatment could be used for jaw correction. The priority of treatment is Jaw correction.

Jaw abnormalities can be easily treated with orthodontic treatment, If a patient refer to orthodontic clinic on childhood. But if a patient refers to dental office after puberty, there may be a need for jaw surgery to correct the jaw problems. In such cases, the patient first undergoes orthodontic treatment and then undergoes surgery.

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Orthodontic Examination for Pediatrics

The benefit of early diagnosis and treatment of orthodontic problems especially in the case of pediatric is important. Therefore, they should have their first orthodontic examination by age seven. Signs of possible orthodontic problems in pediatric primarily may not be visible, therefore an initial exam by orthodontist is recommend. Following are the signs that indicate an orthodontic problem in young children:

  • Chewing difficulties
  • Late or early loss of teeth
  • Breathing through mouth
  • Sucking fingers
  • Jaw deviation
  • Jaw dysfunction
  • Teeth misaligned

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