Orthodontic Information

What is Orthodontics?

What is Orthodontics

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that corrects teeth and jaws that are in the wrong place. Improperly positioned teeth with an unusual shape can cause a variety of health problems. It becomes harder to keep your teeth clean. A patient with misaligned teeth is at risk for tooth decay and periodontal disease. This condition puts more pressure on the teeth that are responsible for chewing food and consequently leaves various complications in the long run.

If orthodontics is not performed

If orthodontics is not performed for patients with maxillofacial malformations, various complications will occur for patients. These include tooth decay, gum problems, poor chewing of food, and digestive problems. TMJ headaches and pain in the neck, shoulders and back are other complications of jaw and tooth abnormalities and lack of orthodontic treatment. Also crooked and irregular teeth damage the beauty of the patient’s appearance.

The benefits of orthodontic treatment include a healthy mouth, a pleasant appearance, and teeth that are likely to last longer. A therapist in this field is known as an orthodontist or orthodontist.

orthodontics in four stages

How to know if you need orthodontics?

Only an orthodontist can determine the necessity of orthodontics for you. Your orthodontist determine the necessity of orthodontics treatment by the  help of diagnostic tools that includes a complete medical and dental history, a clinical examination, a plaster model of your teeth and  special imaging. An orthodontist can decide if you need orthodontics or not. And this is an orthodontist who can propose a proper treatment plan for teeth problems.

If you have one of the following conditions, you may be an orthodontic candidate.

  • Overbite, when the upper teeth overlap on the lower teeth.
  • Underbite, seemingly known as “bulldog”, in which the lower row teeth are placed far ahead of the upper teeth and the upper row is too far behind.
  • Cross bite is an abnormality during which one or some of the upper teeth locate behind the lower l tooth.
  • Open bite occurs when having space between two jaws in the front, back or lateral sides.
  • Misplaced midline occurs when the midline of the upper teeth with the midline of the lower teeth is not matched in the same direction.
  • Spacing between teeth, which may result from loss of a tooth, or a group of teeth.
  • Dental crowding This problem occurs when there is space deficiency in the arch. This problem is due to extremely large teeth, small jaws, and a combination of both situations.

To the left is a girl smiling with fixed orthodontics and to the right is a model of fixed orthodontics

How is orthodontic treatment?

There are several types of orthodontic appliances. Removable and fixed orthodontics, both of them help to change the position of the teeth and jaws. Orthodontic  appliances  move the dentition  in desired direction. The degree of deformity of the teeth, age and physiological characteristics of the patient determine which types of orthodontic should be selected for treatment. It is an orthodontist who by examining the patient’s condition determines and implements orthodontic treatment at any stage.

Orthodontics is one of the dental specialties that is used to arrange the teeth and coordinate the jaws. The main task of orthodontics is the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental malocclusions. This can be done by fixed or removable orthodontic appliances. Fixed orthodontics includes the same color braces as tooth (ceramic) (composite), or by the lingual system (placement of braces behind the teeth). Fixed orthodontic treatments can be done by Straight, Edgewise, Damon methods, straight wires such as Roth. MBTH and so on. Nowadays a new method introduced to orthodontics as an invisible method which is named   Invisalign or clear aligner. Meanwhile, new techniques such as mini screw could be used for treating teeth abnormalities and malocclusions.

The right side of the smile with invisible orthodontics and the left orthodontic appliance

Two Types of Orthodontic Treatments

A group of orthodontic treatment is for teeth correction. Second group of treatment could be used for jaw correction. The priority of treatment is Jaw correction.

Jaw abnormalities can be easily treated with orthodontic treatment, If a patient refer to orthodontic clinic on childhood. But if a patient refers to dental office after puberty, there may be a need for jaw surgery to correct the jaw problems. In such cases, the patient first undergoes orthodontic treatment and then undergoes surgery.

Dr. Jamilian’s Orthodontic Samples

To see more orthodontic works, you can refer to the before and after orthodontic image gallery. In this section, you will see some of these portfolios. Depending on the deformity of the jaw and teeth, different orthodontic treatments are considered. Your illness may be similar to one of these. In this case, you can clearly see the recovery after treatment in this area.

What are the Advantages of Different Types of Orthodontics Treatment?

Orthodontics treatments are classified under 2 groups: One group of orthodontics treatment for correcting teeth and another group for treating the jaw malocclusions, each of which requires a specific appliance for the treatment of the malocclusions. If a patient with dentofacial malocclusion goes to orthodontics in the appropriate time and cooperates with them during the course of treatment, their problems will be treated easily by orthodontics, but if the patient is late for treatment and does not cooperate or has severe malocclusion, jaw surgery might be necessary for fixing the jaw problem. In these cases, the patient will be treated using surgery after performing the orthodontics treatment.

How Long Does Orthodontics Bracketing & Teeth Wiring Take?

Based on the type of malocclusion, the patient might need fixed or removable orthodontics or orthognathic surgery plus orthodontics. The type of orthodontics appliances are determined in accordance with the type of malocclusion. In case of suffering from jaw anomaly, the patient might need one and half year for fixing the jaw complication and an additional one and half year for fixing the dental problem. For patients with only dental problems, the course of treatment is only one and a half years.

The duration of orthodontics bracketing and wiring is 30 minutes.

orthodontist-checking-girl-s-dental-braces

The Best Age for Orthodontics Treatment

It is recommended to pay a visit to an orthodontist upon noticing dental or jaw malocclusion in your child. Even if your child is under 8 years old. Visiting the orthodontist in time provides you with enough time to be prepared for a carefully planned orthodontics treatment. The best time for the orthodontics treatment is at age 8 and before the onset of puberty. However, this does not mean if people are older than 14 or 18 they can not benefit from orthodontics treatment. The orthodontics treatment in adults may take slightly longer than treatment in children. However, they will finally achieve a favorable result.

Orthodontist FAQ

1-Nutritional Guide During Orthodontics Course of Treatment?

During treatment avoid corn and junk food, colored, and hard food. And eat food enriched with calcium, minerals, and vitamins. Drinking cold beverages could be helpful during this period.

2-What Should We Do If Brackets Come Loose or Break?

In this case, call your orthodontist and make an emergency appointment. In case of being reckless, you can disrupt your course of treatment.

3-How to Clean Orthodontics Brackets?

For cleaning the fixed orthodontics brackets use special orthodontics brush. Using chlorhexidine mouthwash during this period could lead to yellow teeth. Therefore, please use appropriate mouthwash during orthodontics treatment in order to prevent yellow teeth.

4-Do Orthodontics Brackets Affect Speech?

At first days of orthodontics treatment, you may develop a slight lisp, however, after a few days, the patient becomes used to the brackets and starts pronouncing words correctly. This problem may last longer in lingual orthodontics.

5-How Often Should We Visit the Orthodontist for Examination?

It depends on the orthodontist’s opinion and could be between every 2 weeks to 2 months. The orthodontist reminds the next session after each appointment with the patient. The time period between visits is varies depending on the type and stage of treatment.

Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist
About Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

Dr. Jamilian, an orthodontist, has a specialized fellowship in orthodontic surgery and maxillofacial abnormalities and is a full-time professor in the orthodontics department of the Dentistry School of the Islamic Azad University. He is member of Iranian and European Board of Orthodontics (EBO) and is a member of the Iranian, American and European Orthodontists Association.

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