General Dental Informtion

Common Dental and Oral Problems

common dental and oral problems

Sometimes, we may face oral health problems due to negligence in oral hygiene. Here I introduce some of the major oral health problems and explain solutions to deal with them.


Poor oral hygiene causes the formation of plaques around the teeth, increasing the sensitivity of gingival tissue. Bleeding gums when brushing the teeth is an indication of gingivitis, which can be gradually improved through proper oral hygiene.

swelling of the gum

Yellow teeth

Overdrinking of beverages such as tea, coffee, and soft drinks gradually causes the surface of teeth to turn yellow. If you cannot cut down on such beverages, it is recommended to drink them using a straw to prevent the direct contact of the liquid with your teeth. However, the teeth may lose their brightness over time due to the gradual loss of enamel as we get older. It is hence better to regularly brush your teeth to slow down the teeth yellowing process.

yellow teeth

Bad breath

There are bacteria inside the oral cavity that cause bad breath. The food debris stuck between the teeth provides favorable conditions for the growth of such bacteria. Other factors causing bad breath are dry mouth, mouth breathing, gingival diseases, stomach diseases, etc. Bad breath can be somewhat reduced by drinking plenty of water, brushing and flossing the teeth, and brushing the tongue.

bad breath

Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is more severe than gingivitis. If gingivitis is not taken seriously and remains untreated, its more severe form, called periodontitis, may develop. In this case, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out. You should visit a dentist to treat periodontal disease.

Tooth decay

Tooth decay is damage to a tooth’s surface, enamel, or crown. When we eat a lot of sugars or the like, the bacteria in our mouth make acids that attack the enamel.

tooth decay

Tooth decay can be prevented by following a healthy diet and observing oral hygiene. It should be noted that tooth decay is not naturally reversible, and you need to visit a dentist to replace the damaged tissues.

Common Dental and Oral Problems  FAQ

1-Why does biting hard foods sometimes cause bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums is a symptom of periodontal disease. Such people should visit a periodontist to treat this condition.

2-Can periodontal disease affect all areas of the jaw?

Periodontal disease causes the loss of tooth-supporting tissues. If it remains untreated, it can destroy a considerable part of gum tissues and affect the whole teeth of one or both jaws.

3-What can we prevent yellow teeth?

You should regularly brush your teeth (three times a day) after each meal and rinse your mouth with mouthwash every night.

4-Can tooth decay lead to tooth discoloration?

Tooth decay first causes the enamel to turn yellow, and then the yellow stains on the surface of the tooth may gradually turn gray due to contact with certain foods.

5-What is the cause of bad breath?

There are several causes for bad breath. This condition may occur due to the existence of one or more decayed teeth that need root canal treatment.  Gingival problems can also cause bad breath. In such cases, you need to visit a dentist. If respiratory tract infections (RTIs) or tonsillitis cause bad breath, you need to visit an otorhinolaryngology’s to solve this problem. Gastrointestinal problems can also cause bad breath, which can be treated by an internal medicine specialist. If food debris gets stuck between crooked teeth in a way that they are difficult to remove, it can cause bad breath. If crooked teeth are the cause of your bad breath, you need to visit an orthodontist to arrange your teeth using orthodontic treatments.

Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

About Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

Dr. Jamilian, an orthodontist, has a specialized fellowship in orthodontic surgery and maxillofacial abnormalities and is a professor in the orthodontics department of the Dentistry School of the Islamic Azad University. He is member of Iranian and European Board of Orthodontics (EBO) and is a member of the Iranian, American and European Orthodontists Association.

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