General Dental Informtion, Root Canal and Gum Problems Dentistry

Dental Scaling

a woman scaling her teeth

It is better to know that dental scaling has no pain, and deposits accumulated on the teeth can be completely removed by this procedure. The plaque on teeth can lead to bad breath, and if no measure is taken to remove it, it can lead to tooth decay and gum diseases.

There are some home remedies that can be considered as good options for removing dental plaque. If the plaque is acute, then it is imperative to have dental scaling by special devices.

Saliva, as well as germs in the mouth, are the factors causing the formation of dental plaque. Dental scaling can be done easily in the early days, given the fact that thick layers of plaque have not yet been formed.

However, if the plaque layers are thick, then it is necessary to consider more serious measures. People who heavily use cigarettes and alcohol soon develop plaque on their teeth, and the excessive consumption of coffee, tea, and colored drinks may also exacerbate the formation of plaque on teeth.

dental scaling

The risk of dental scaling

It is better to know that dental scaling is not dangerous, what should be considered as a risk is the plaque, because the presence of the plaque on teeth creates serious tooth decay and can eventually result in complete loss of the teeth.

Although some people believe that dental scaling can destroy the dental tissue, however, this is not the case. Dental scaling is the only option for treating dental plaques, and if no measure is taken at the right time, dental plaques may lead to highly excessive costs.

So that if dental plaque is not treated at the right time, dental caries become more critical over time and lead to gum diseases and patients requiring more additional treatments. Therefore, try to consider appropriate measures as soon as possible.

Some people believe that their toothaches after dental scaling when drinking cold and hot beverages, this is not the case in all individuals and may be rooted in some oral diseases. Therefore, if you developed toothache or any other complication after dental scaling, do not attribute them to dental scaling and take more serious measures to investigate your dental problems.

How is dental scaling done

To perform dental scaling, if the plaque is not acute, the dentist uses a simple and manual dental scaler, otherwise specialized tools are used. In dentistry, a dental scaling device has a special metal tip that removes dental plaques by a rotating motion and impacting the plaque.

Does dental scaling hurt?

This procedure has no pain because the device mentioned slowly rotates and impacts the plaque and the patient feels no pain. Some people think that dental scaling leads to loosening of the teeth, but this is a completely wrong notion, because the tooth has already been loose and the plaque has filled the space around the tooth, and now that the plaque is removed, the tooth feels more loose.

In general, if you feel that the plaque has formed on your teeth, take immediate dental plaque removing measures before its layers are thickened.

Teeth whitening

Benefits of dental scaling

Some people believe that dental scaling leads to dental injuries. This is a misconception and performing dental scaling at least once a year is recommended by orthodontists or dentists. This treatment should not be performed more than two times a year in a 6-month period.

There are different microorganisms in the dental environment. These microorganisms adhere to dental surfaces along with a variety of foods, especially foods containing sugar and carbohydrates. Over time, this leads to the creation of yellow and brown layers on the teeth surfaces. These layers, called microscopic plaques, are not easily removed from the teeth. Microscopic plaques cannot be removed from the teeth surfaces even by dental floss or electric toothbrushes.

If these harmful layers are not removed, they can have various complications for the gums and teeth. Due to the dental plaque, gums become inflamed and red. In the absence of prevention, the patient develops gum and bone erosion and dental deviation. Eventually, the tooth is loosened and lost.

You can prevent these complications by paying a relatively small fee for dental scaling. Besides, you will not incur the excessive costs of tooth and gum restoration.

Dental scaling after orthodontic treatment

After removing the orthodontic brackets, the teeth may become slightly discolored. To achieve a better and more desirable result, after removing the orthodontic brackets, the orthodontist recommends the patient to perform dental scaling or teeth whitening and bleaching, because in addition to making the smile more beautiful, they also prevent from tooth decay.

The Role of Scaling on Gingival Health

Teeth scaling has a direct impact on maintaining gingival health. Teeth and gingiva are consistently exposed to saliva containing minerals, food, and drinks. This results in the formation of a sticky matter called dental plaque.

dentist doing scaling and brushing

Dental plaque results in the proliferation of bacteria in the mouth and gums, which leads to teeth decay and gingival recession.

The healthy gingival tissue is attached tightly to teeth. When the volume of the dental plaques increases, they gradually destroy the gums and replace the gingival tissue. Accordingly, the dental base becomes loose.

The process of gingival recession and its replacement with dental plaques occurs gradually over time and the majority of patients do not notice their gums are damaged or receded. Given that, after scaling the majority of patients assume that scaling operations destroyed their gingival tissue. In fact, the receded gums caused by the increase of dental plaque emerges after scaling. You can prevent gingival recession by in-time scaling.

Dental Scaling FAQ

1-How often scaling should be done?

People who observe their oral hygiene after a session of scaling do not require the repetition of scaling for a long time. However, saliva has special constituents in some people that predispose them to plaque formation and gum diseases. Scaling at short intervals (every 6 months) is recommended to these people.

2-Is there a problem with using anti-plaque toothpaste?

Teeth plaque cannot be removed by brushing and toothpaste. Anti-plaque toothpastes only remove teeth stains and should not be used constantly. In addition to possible allergies, these toothpastes abrade the teeth and can create fine scratches on the teeth surface which predispose them to further accumulation and adhesion of microbial plaque.

3-May scaling result in enamel loss and teeth damage?

Scaling has any damaging effect on the enamel. The only impact is sensitivity to cold and heat that may occur after scaling. Most people mistakenly think that the enamel is abraded.

4-Is scaling accompanied by pain and does it require anesthesia?

Scaling with ultrasound or manual devices is associated with slight pain in people with healthy gums. But in people with gum disease, scaling is usually associated with gum bleeding, pain, and discomfort. Pain is often tolerable and does not require anesthesia.

5-Does scaling whiten the teeth?

Scaling only removes the plaques and the teeth color does not change at all. It can only help whiten the teeth. For teeth brightening and whitening, they should undergo bleaching at the same time.

6-Can scaling be performed on composite, laminated, or implanted teeth?

Yes, scaling can be performed on composite veneers, laminates, and dental implants. However, great care and skill is required for their scaling, because they are more sensitive to damage than the original teeth. In this regard, you should visit a prestigious and known dentist. In addition, scaling these teeth is more expensive that original teeth.

7-Can the teeth be scaled with laser?

Yes, laser scaling is the best method for scaling. It is a rapid scaling method and very effective in improving the gums inflammation.

8-Can the teeth be scaled at home?

Scaling at home using natural materials cannot substitute dentistry. Proper use of toothbrush and fluoride-containing toothpaste, flossing, chewing, fruit and vegetable consumption, and gargling with mouthwash and hydrogen peroxide solution and avoiding smoking and alcohol can definitely help keep your teeth healthy.

Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist
About Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

Dr. Jamilian, an orthodontist, has a specialized fellowship in orthodontic surgery and maxillofacial abnormalities and is a full-time professor in the orthodontics department of the Dentistry School of the Islamic Azad University. He is member of Iranian and European Board of Orthodontics (EBO) and is a member of the Iranian, American and European Orthodontists Association.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *