Orthodontic Information

What is the relationship between orthodontics and mouth breathing?

relation between orthodontics and mouth breathing

Humans normally breathe through the nose when the mouth is closed. When one cannot normally breathe through the nose, he/she is exposed to many problems such as malocclusions and maxillofacial deformities. Mouth breathing narrows the maxilla and causes problems with the alignment of teeth and the growth of jaws. The relationship between orthodontics and mouth breathing is of special importance in such cases because of the elimination of all complications of mouth breathing by orthodontic treatments.

Visiting an orthodontist to treat mouth breathing

People who breathe through the mouth usually open their mouths slightly. Because of the oral complications of mouth breathing, such individuals are recommended to visit an orthodontist to treat any possible oral or dental problems using orthodontic treatments. Despite the treatment of mouth breathing by an otorhinolaryngologist, its complications that affect the structure and health of jaws and teeth should be treated by an experienced orthodontist.

a child who has mouth breathing

The question on mouth breathing asked by most orthodontists from patients with a malocclusion indicates the significance of the relationship between orthodontics and mouth breathing.

Mouth breathing complications

Mouth breathing not treated at the right time in childhood can cause malocclusions, impede the growth of teeth, and deform the face in adulthood.

While bad habits can change the position of teeth and hinder the natural growth of the facial skeleton, the obstruction of airways and mouth breathing can also alter the normal growth pattern causing malocclusions. The relationship between orthodontics and mouth breathing helps to alleviate these disorders.

It is, therefore, necessary to first control the risk factors of such abnormalities to prevent their progression. The advanced cases of such abnormalities can be controlled by orthodontic treatments to improve the skeletal growth of the face and jaws.

How do orthodontics and mouth breathing relate to each other

Based on the type of malocclusion, the orthodontist can apply a variety of orthodontic procedures to properly improve breathing. The orthodontist can use different orthodontic appliances to expand the jaws and correct mouth breathing.

A narrow maxilla arch reduces the ability of patients to correctly breathe through their noses. Orthodontists usually use appliances called “expanders” to expand the maxilla to help patients in breathing through the noses.

Maxillary expansion directly affects and widens the sinuses and helps the patient to breathe through the nose. Most orthodontists believe that the patients should visit an otorhinolaryngologist after the completion of orthodontic treatments to prevent any possible problem in the future.

maxillary expansion with an orthodontic appliance

Attention to orthodontics and mouth breathing

Fortunately, orthodontics offers a variety of methods to treat malocclusions in a principled and permanent manner. Correcting the position of jaws and teeth can greatly improve the complications of mouth breathing. However, it is noteworthy that patients with mouth breathing should probably go through a longer period of orthodontic treatments.

The orthodontist will fully brief the patient on all possible problems and treatment difficulties. It may take a slightly longer time to align teeth and jaws in patients with mouth breathing. Therefore, orthodontists usually recommend patients to be under the supervision of an otorhinolaryngologist simultaneously to prevent the recurrence of malocclusions. It can be generally concluded that the complications of mouth breathing should be prevented before they require orthodontic treatments. Otherwise, patients will have no choice but to visit an orthodontist to go through a long and costly period of treatment.

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About Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

Dr. Jamilian, an orthodontist, has a specialized fellowship in orthodontic surgery and maxillofacial abnormalities and is a full-time professor in the orthodontics department of the Dentistry School of the Islamic Azad University. He is member of Iranian and European Board of Orthodontics (EBO) and is a member of the Iranian, American and European Orthodontists Association.

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