General Dental Informtion

Six risk factors for periodontal diseases

six risk factors for periodontal diseases

Here I introduce 6 main risk factors for periodontal disease. You can prevent periodontal disease by treating any of the following problems. If you take into account the following items, you can even completely treat periodontal disease.

1-The role of smoking in gum disease

If you are looking for another reason to quit smoking, it is better to know that smoking is one of the most important risk factors for periodontal disease. Additionally, smoking can reduce the success rate of treatments performed for periodontal disease.

gum disease for smoking

2-Hormonal changes in girls/women

Hormonal changes in women and girls make gums more sensitive and increase the risk of gingivitis. Therefore, women and girls are recommended to regularly visit a gynecologist and an endocrinologist (when hormonal disorders occur).

hormonal changes and gum disease

3-Diabetes is a risk factor for gum disease

Diabetic patients are at greater risk to develop infections, including periodontal disease. Such patients are more likely than others to develop periodontal disease due to problems with insulin secretion and blood sugar control. Therefore, they need to be under the supervision of an endocrinologist.

diabete and gum disease

4-Immunodeficiency diseases

Affliction with and the treatment procedure of diseases such as AIDS and cancers can negatively affect the health of gums. Moreover, dental implants and immune reactions can lead to infections and eventually periodontal disease.

immune deficiency diseases and gum disease


Many of the prescribed or over-the-counter drugs can actually reduce salivation in the mouth. Since saliva plays a role in protecting the mouth, reduced salivation can predispose the mouth to infections such as periodontal disease. In addition, certain medications can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue, making it difficult to clean teeth and gums.

taking medicine and gum disease

6-Genetic background

Some people are genetically predisposed to periodontal disease and are more likely to develop it. People who are genetically predisposed to gum disease can prevent periodontal disease or prevent the progression of the disease by maintaining good oral health.

gum disease and genetics scaled

Scaling to prevent periodontal disease

Scaling is a common dental procedure that aims to remove dental plaque and calculus on the tooth crown and root and also to whiten and brighten the tooth color. It can also smooth the rough surfaces of the tooth root and improve the health of gums. Tooth scaling can effectively prevent tooth discoloration, swollen gums, bad breath, and gingival recession. Moreover, this dental procedure prevents dental bone loss and teeth displacement.

Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

About Dr Abdolreza Jamilian Orthodontist

Dr. Jamilian, an orthodontist, has a specialized fellowship in orthodontic surgery and maxillofacial abnormalities and is a professor in the orthodontics department of the Dentistry School of the Islamic Azad University. He is member of Iranian and European Board of Orthodontics (EBO) and is a member of the Iranian, American and European Orthodontists Association.

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