This is one of the most common questions by people who intend to carry out orthodontics as a result of thinking about wires and brackets. Parents, whose children need orthodontics treatment, often ask: “Do brackets hurt my child?” In this article, we will try to answer this question as much as possible.
Experiencing slight pain and discomfort in orthodontics treatment is normal. Pain is a mental response to stimulators during the orthodontics treatment, which is considered one of the main reasons for withdrawal from the treatment. Orthodontics treatments such as placing brackets and wires on teeth, placing fixed and removable appliances, and removing the brackets cause mild pain for the patients.
What factors can affect orthodontics pain?
Orthodontists are of the opinion that orthodontics pain depends on various factors such as age, sex, each patient’s pain threshold, amount of applied force, patient’s mental status, person’s stress, and the patient’s previous experiences of pain. In fact, forces applied on the teeth are followed by inflammatory reactions including pain in the mouth environment caused by teeth movement. This reaction results in changes in the blood flow after the application of an orthodontics force.
The relationship between the mental health of the patient and perceiving orthodontics pain was studied by some researchers. A person’s “physiological and psychological sensitivity” can be a major factor in the severity of the tissue discomfort caused by the physical impact of orthodontics appliances. Consequently, the perceived pain in the patients does not seem to be directly dependent on the applied orthodontics pain but it is related to the person’s mental health as well.
In a study, approximately 95% of the patients reported that they experienced pain during the orthodontics treatment. Orthodontics pain starts within 4 hours and gets worse within the subsequent 24 hours, and finally, subsides within 7 days.
What causes orthodontics pain?
Most of the children undergoing orthodontics treatment use fixed orthodontics brackets to fix their teeth, which is mainly made of steel, ceramics, or porcelain. Considering that brackets can straighten teeth through the application of slight pressure, some patients might experience sensitivity or red gums. The amount of pain in each person depends on the treatment method and their physiology.
Using brackets should not cause pain during the orthodontics treatment, however, sometimes at the beginning of the process, the patient might sense a painful feeling in their mouth. Brackets of your child might create sore spots on the gums or lips at first but the pain will subside soon and the gums and lips of the patients will recover during the treatment.
Does orthodontics pain affect patients’ satisfaction & their daily activities?
This is a proven fact that orthodontics pain has a significant impact on the daily activities of patients. Almost all patients that underwent orthodontics treatment have a problem with chewing and eating food. Sometimes the patient might need to change their diet due to the difficulty of chewing and moving their teeth. For instance, eating hard food that requires more chewing is not recommended for a period of time.
Pain is a natural part of the treatment that orthodontics patients should accept for correcting the abnormalities on their jaw and teeth. Since for achieving straight teeth tolerating a small amount of pain is inevitable. In general, some patients experience orthodontics pain and some do not. Any time you felt soreness during the orthodontics treatment, you must know that your teeth are moving toward a standard position, which is planned by your orthodontist.
What can we do in case of pain?
If you or your child felt pain for more than a few days after the orthodontics, or if you are feeling anxious or have any questions, immediately pay a visit to your physician or dentist. It is important to know that your dentist understands your pain and will try to relieve your stress and anxiety. If necessary, the dentist can find out whether your anxiety is reasonable or not by X-ray imaging.
In case of any wound on the gums or lips, the orthodontists recommend using painkillers in the first days of the treatment that is effective in fixing this problem. It is important to read the instructions of the respective medication to ensure that this drug is suitable for you or your child and it consumption has no side effects for you or your kid.
Always bear in mind that if the sensitivity lasts for more than the said time, the orthodontist can adjust the brackets for the patient’s comfort and treat the sensitivity. In most orthodontics methods, the patient is required to visit the dentist every 6 to 8 weeks for adjusting the brackets. The patient who receives a service might feel mild discomfort after the adjustment, however, they must be informed that all these problems are part of the process of forming new, lovely, and straight teeth. After the first adjustment or the subsequent adjustments of brackets and wires, the pain does not last more than three days.
The person undergoing orthodontics treatment should eat soft foods on the first days and avoid hard foods such as French toast or carrots. They also should cut their food into smaller pieces and then eat them.
In addition, removing the brackets and wires at the end of each course of treatment causes no damages and injuries to the patient. The patients who underwent orthodontics treatment will be happy to display their new smile.
Orthodontics Pain FAQ?
1-What is the reason for orthodontics pain in the first days?
Orthodontics is a treatment in which the orthodontist intentionally applies the required forces and traction on your teeth and makes them move. During the first three to four days they can cause pain. In these cases, the orthodontist subscribes sedatives.
2-Can we avoid brushing the teeth due to pain?
No, if you do not brush your teeth and ignore your oral hygiene in the first days on account of pain, it can lead to gum diseases and infection.
3-Is orthodontics pain the same in all patients?
Tolerating pain is different in each patient and depends on the following factors: Age, each patient’s pain threshold, amount of the applied force, mental status, patient’s stress, and the patient’s previous experiences of pain. The force applied to teeth is the feeling of pain caused by teeth movement.
4-What types of food should we eat after orthodontics examinations and adjustment of teeth?
When the wires are changed, the teeth and gums become more sensitive. Accordingly, during this time it is better to avoid hard food and raw vegetables and eat soft foods such as soup.
5-Is saline mouth rinse effective on reducing orthodontics pain?
Yes, warm salt water mouth rinse is among the fastest ways to reduce pain. Salt possesses natural and therapeutic properties that can help to reduce your pain.
6-Is pain a bad sign in orthodontics treatment?
After changing the orthodontics wires, some patients feel pain and some do not. Feeling or not feeling any pain is neither good nor bad.